"When ecstatic love develops into the relationship of parenthood and
becomes steadily established, the relationship is called vatsalya-rasa.
The exhibition of this vatsalya-rasa standard of devotional service
can be found in the dealings of Krishna with His devotees who represent
themselves as superior personalities like father, mother and teacher."
(Nectar of Devotion, Chap. 43)
Personalities in Parental Affection Toward Krishna
This list is in order of superior important. Mother Yasoda and Nanda
Maharaja are considered the supermost of all elderly personalities.
Mother Rohini, Balarama's
All the elderly gopis
whose sons were taken away by Lord Brahma.
Devaki, the wife of
Other fifteen wives
Kunti, the mother of
Vasudeva, the real
father of Krishna
Sandipani Muni, Krishna's
Madhurya rasa is the relationship with Krishna as the lover and beloved.
Although such conjugal feelings are not at all material, there is some
similarity between this spiritual love and material activities. Persons
who are interested only in material activities are unable to understand
this spiritual conjugal love. The relationships with Krishna of
Radharani, Krishna's wives in Dwarka, and the gopis are in Madhurya
"Devotional service following in the footsteps of the gopis of Vrindavana
or the queens at Dwarka is called devotional service in conjugal love.
The development of conjugal love for Krishna is not manifested in women
only. The material body has nothing to do with spiritual loving affairs.
"Conjugal love is divided into two classifications-namely, conjugal
love as husband and wife and conjugal love as lover and beloved. One
who develops conjugal love for Krishna as a wife is promoted to Dwarka,
where the devotee becomes the queen of the Lord. One who develops conjugal
love for Krishna as a lover is promoted to Goloka Vrindavana, to associate
with the gopis and enjoy loving affairs with Krishna there." (Nectar
of Devotion, Chap. 16)
Conjugal love is divided into two portions: vipralambha or conjugal
love in separation, and sambhoga, or conjugal love in direct contact.